History of the German shepherd and pedigree

The German Shepherd is a great race! True, but do you know its history? Quite the opposite of what some people may think, the German Shepherd was not a cross breed with other breeds. This is the story of the German Shepherd … 

Germany, the country of origin 

We are in 1871, in Germany, in the heart of the industrial revolution. We are seeing a strong migration of rural population to big cities. Concerned about the future of farming, Empire Bismarck instituted laws to protect agricultural products. Despite his efforts, urban industry has quickly taken over. To save the agriculture, groups of enthusiasts began to pay more attention to raising cattle, sheep and dogs guarding flocks and herds. 

These dogs were extremely varied. Depending on the region and usage, the dogs were very different. Sheepdogs expressed great and strong hardiness, some independence and showed great pride. These dogs have their origin attributed to some interested enthusiasts. We note two important breeding names: Wachsmuth, Hanover and Sparwasser of Frankfurt. 

From 1877 the German breeders began to gather the sheep dogs to improve the skills of their dogs. In the chronicles of the history of the German Shepherd, we note two dog names Lotte and breeding Greif von Sparwasser. 

In 1891, two characters (Count von Hahn and Captain Rielchelmann Dunau) founded the Phylax. This company is established to promote the sheepdog and opened the first studbook for the German Shepherd. Devotees launched in dog breeding herd through crosses between different lines to unite the qualities of sheep dogs present. The company lasted only four years. It betrayed some groups of dogs located in Bavaria, Hesse, but we note two groups in particular: that of Württemberg and of Thuringia. Dogs in Thuringia were rather small, agile, had gray dress, very thick and had straight ears, above the head. Dogs of Württemberg, in turn, were larger, heavy and massive. They had, however, floppy ears. Until this selection was intended only to obtain good herding dogs. 

Breeders that time betting on selection criteria such as basic: character, point size (agility), ever erect ears and tail non trumpet. In addition, we found an article in 1896, which confirms what was expected of a working dog, at that time: in 1896, Gerland von Hildesheim presented for the first time in public, specially trained dogs for police. These dogs were successful since 1910, these types of dogs are present in more than 500 local police stations. Most of them are, of course, German Shepherd. 

The creation of the race 

In 1899, the beginning of this race marked a whole new era of dog breeding. Born in 1895 in raising Sparwasser, Hektor Linksrhein is one of those shepherds quality, straight ears. His parents are, respectively, Kastor Rüde and Lene von Sparwasser. It is purchased by a passionate and famous breeder of this time: Eiselen, the kennel von der Krone. Livestock von der Krone is located in Heidenheim in Württemburg, Germany. Hektor Linksrhein was presented for the first time in an exhibition in Hannover, April 3, 1899 Hektor was 4 years old. That day, the Rittmeister Max Emil Friedrich von Stephanitz (a cavalry captain, already retired at that time) and his friend Arthur Meyer fell on this noble subject, harmonious and high quality and decided to buy it for two hundred marks . 

In the same year, Captain von Stephanitz and his friend Arthur Meyer instaurèrent the breed standard and SV (Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde), April 22, 1899, in Karlsruhe. The first breed standard was approved in September 1899, the first congress of the company in Frankfurt. Hektor Linksrhein became Horand von Grafrath in that year. Rittmeister von Stephanitz had renamed in honor of his estate he bought in Bavaria: the von Grafrath field. In 1900, von Grafrath Horand was the first dog oficiellement registered in studbook (the Schäferhunde Zuchtbuch – SZ). Horand was therefore numbered SZ 1. 

Captain von Stephanitz was the creator of the breed. It was through his efforts if we know the race of the German Shepherd, nowadays. Exemplary race, yes, but built for the job in the first place. 

Now include one of the most important in the history of the German Shepherd characters: Hermann Martin. Hermann Martin was an avid German Shepherd enthusiast. It was this race under the kennel name “von Arminius.” It was one of the greatest cynologists the world! This is thanks to him that the German Shepherd became the working dog in the world today. It was he who created the WUSV (Weltunion der Schäferhundverein) September 9, 1974, in Mannheim. In addition, Hermann was President of the SV (Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde) for 12 years. He was also elected Chairman for the VDH (Verband für das Deutsche Hundewesen), Germany. Moreover, we find its breeding and breeding in most of pedigree German Shepherd today. Today, this man is a legend! 

The German Shepherd breed is continued by leading breeders in Germany and around the world. Soon reinforced for more features and natural abilities of German Shepherd breeders should expect new regulations. This is required to ensure the continuity of our beautiful breed that is the German Shepherd!

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