Physical characteristics of the Bulldog

Bulldog
The Bulldog is a very special dog, squat, powerful and massive, short-legged, with great astonishment head relative to its size. The skull shows very pronounced wrinkles; the muzzle is short and crushed. The eyes are round, medium size, located low on the skull and rather wide apart, very dark (almost black). The ears are small, shaped like a rose. Teething is significantly undershot with the mandible which is more advanced than the jaw.
Coat: short, fine and smooth.
Color: the most desirable are red brindle, brindle, beige, pure white, red and variegated. It is essential to avoid fire black and liver.
Size: 30 to 40 cm
Weight: about 25 kg for males and 22.7 for females

Origins and history

He just fighting dogs used in the Middle Ages against the Bulls (hence the name “bull” in English means bull). This is the result of a selection which aimed to create a dog with a powerful bite, very fierce and courageous, insensitive to pain: this unhealthy selection, which sought to produce only “war machines”, was about point completely destroy the race that had become unmanageable due to his excessive ferocity. Thus, the Bulldog was nearly shut down until a group of farmers is interested and began working on his character by removing all traces of aggressiveness. Today the Bulldog is a very friendly pet dog, sweet and quite balanced.
Character and abilities
Out of a painful past, the Bulldog is now a very loving dog, happy living player. It is a perfect companion for children and the elderly, particularly because it does not need lots of exercise and adapts well to a sedentary life. This is however not a “trinket” because he can accompany his master without problems in long walks, when the heat is not too intense. It finds his old aggression that when someone threatens his master or, even more, his children: he is ready to give his life for them. It can become truly formidable, despite its small size, because it still has a steel outlet and is almost insensitive to pain.

health

It is very heat sensitive because of its short muzzle and crushed: the summer, it should not come out when it’s too hot and should never be left in a hot car (even for a short time). His eyes are very delicate but just monitor and clean regularly to prevent irritation.
Average life expectancy: about 9 years

Living

Always and only within, where he shows quiet and very clean. The only problem is that drool a lot and need to clean it often enough mouth.
Information and tips
He loves his master and should remain as much as possible in his company. This is a dog that is suitable for sedentary or who have an intellectual activity because he loves to lie at the feet of his master while reading or writing, seeming too immersed in deep “meditations”.

Characteristics of the Labrador Retriever

Labrador
The Labrador Retriever is a strong and sturdy dog, very heavy. The head should be proportionate to the size of the body, well modeled, dry, with somewhat fleshy cheeks. The skull is wide, with a well defined stop. The eyes are dark brown or hazel, of medium size, with a good, intelligent expression. Ears should not be large or heavy: they are worn hanging close to the head and tied a little behind. The thorax is ample and well let down, well-sprung ribs (barrel). The back line should be straight from withers to rump. The tail is a characteristic of the breed: very large at the base, it tapers towards the end. She shows no fringe, but is covered with short hair, thick and provided that gives it the appearance of a “otter tail”. Members must have good bone structure and be straight.
Coat: Short, supplied without fringe, rather rough. The undercoat is dense and weatherproof.
Color: the only permissible colors are yellow, black or brown (called chocolate).
Height: 57 cm maximum for males and 55 cm maximum for the female
Weight: approximately 30 kg

Origins and history

The origin of the Labrador Retriever has much in common with that of Newfoundland and it is rather difficult to distinguish the two original forms. In many texts of the nineteenth century, without distinction uses the terms “Newfoundland” and “Labrador” to evoke water dogs the Canadian coast. The ancestor of the Labrador seems to be the “St John Dog”, a smaller version of Newfoundland that has developed in Canada at about the same time as this dog. The Cão de Castro Laboreiro has probably also contributed to the Labrador training. The race was then much widespread in Britain and this country who got fatherhood.

Character and abilities

This is one of the friendliest dogs, happiest and most playful in the world. While this is an excellent worker, he does not think that actually is work and wants to just have fun and be happy (that’s why the best training system has to go through the game). The Labrador Retriever is absolutely safe for children old enough but it can be “dangerous” for children because of his great strength he did not even realize: it might, for example, hurt them by making their festival . Like all Retrievers is a tireless worker, very soft and very easy to train, but he has known for some time a huge success as a pet.

health

When he is very young Labrador Retriever should not do too much exercise (eg, do not make it up the stairs); once it has grown, it is a dog with an iron health. All we have said for other Labrador Retrievers applies: thus, when it comes out of the water, it must dry the base of its tail.
Average life expectancy: about 13 years

Living

Theoretically, it can also live in an apartment, but when he is young … you have to see if the apartment can resist it! As an adult, he became “a little” more tranquil but his unbridled joy of life (which is also contagious as the Labrador can be a very good antidepressant) is rather tip the balance toward a plant in the garden.

Information and tips

The fact that this is a very sweet and very nice dog does not automatically mean it is suitable for everyone. Before buying a puppy, so you have the most information possible about the breed.

Physical characteristics of the Dobermann

Doberman

Varieties: a) black and tan; b) brown and tan
The Dobermann is a medium sized dog, strong and muscular, with elegant lines and the proud and noble port. The head is shaped elongated, blunt wedge. The Crane-face lines are parallel, the stop is light, the deep and wide muzzle. The eyes are of medium size and oval shaped. The ears, usually cut, set high and carried erect (in those whose ears are not cut, they fall back on the sides of the head with well bonded edges cheeks). Back short and strong. The members are straight and plumb. The tail is shortened to the second vertebra.
Coat: short, very adherent and smooth.
Color: black and tan or brown and tan, depending on variety. Blue is not higher because this variety was carrying genetic defects.
Size: 68-72 cm for males and 63 to 68 cm for females
Weight: 40-45 kg for males and 32-35 kg for females

 

Origins and history

The breed originated between 1850 and 1870 in Apolda, Thuringia, through a tax collector, Frédéric Louis Dobermann, who wanted a defense dog completely different from those before. Then, his work was continued by other breeders, who introduced other races on the identity of which there is controversy: we speak Pinscher, of Weimaraner, Rottweiler and maybe some Terriers. The contribution of the Beauceron was probably very important since we can still see clearly his mark on the physical aspect of Dobermann.

Character and abilities

This is one of the sweetest dogs and more sensitive to the world: he literally loves his master, with whom he “must” live in close contact. A lot of nonsense is said about the Dobermann: the best known is the one that claimed that these dogs “went crazy” at the age of seven years due to the narrowing of the cranial cavity (it’s one of the greatest nonsense, of scientific point of view, that we have ever heard in canine … and yet we hear!). Fortunately today, the Dobermann was rehabilitated and all you hear very rarely talk about dogs going crazy or “indomitable ferocity.” This dog is very gentle and safe for children (provided to be left alone!) he keeps a nature reserve vis-à-vis foreign which is typical for fighting dogs. A balanced subject will never aggressive without cause and will be a wonderful companion dog who lives for his master.

 

Health

He is suffering from cold and moisture.
Average life expectancy: about 12 years

 

Living

The Dobermann should be considered as a lap dog because he is suffering from cold and has a vital need for human companionship. Indeed, it is a defense dog and not an area warden or property, although it can of course properly perform this function.

 

Information and tips

Only unselected subjects from hazardous couplings can show nervous and sometimes biting. It is therefore essential to buy a puppy in a good breeding which selects the beauty as well as the character of dogs. Otherwise you may end up with a dog that will want you for dinner after a few years or so and that is highly undesirable.

Comparative review of hunting dogs – Braque Hungarian and German Shorthaired Pointer

German Shorthaired Pointer

Duitse_staande_korthaar_10-10-2
Kurzhaar German History and Braque dog would be derived from the common root of all retrievers, the dog Oysel, later called ” est Dog ”, used for hunting birds and nets for hawking. These pointers reached the German princely courts via France, Spain and Flanders. Contributions of foreign blood by crosses with Spanish Shorthaired Pointers, Pointers and the Italian Hounds took place. The current model exists from 1880. In France, the club of the breed was established in 1958. It is the most famous German Shorthaired Pointers and retriever most used in the world. Education Strong, tough, strong, fast, it’s a cross galloper who does not fear the cold, and hunting on any terrain. Hunting dog par excellence, primarily retriever. Its primary purpose is the pen plain or wood. It can be used for research in the blood of wounded game. Brimming with enthusiasm but balanced and obedient, it has character and can be stubborn. Attached to his master, adoring children, it is a pleasant companion. It keeps well, but it is not aggressive. It must receive a strong education. Tips It adapts to city life but needs space and exercise. Long daily trips are necessary. Regular brushing. Monitor ears. Using Hound. Pet dog. Description (1995) Head: Lean, well defined, neither too light nor too heavy. Rather broad skull, slightly domed. Moderately defined stop. Chamfer slightly convex. Muzzle long, wide, thick and powerful. Truffle brown or flesh in dogs with white dress. Powerful jaws. Adjusted lips well pigmented. Ears: Set high, of medium length, rounded at the tip, fall without turning, flat, along the sides of the head. Eyes: Medium size, dark brown. Body: Slightly elongated. Muscular neck without dewlap. Marked withers. Higher than broad chest. Well sprung ribs. Kidney short, broad, muscular. Members: Muscular, strong bone. Rounded feet. Finger tight. Strong pads. Tail: Set high, strong at the base, tapering gradually. Docked by about half for hunting. At rest, it is pending. In action, it is carried horizontally. Hair: Short (kurzhaar = pile), tight, dry, hard to the touch. Colour: Brown, unmarked. Brown with small white marks or flecks on the chest and limbs. Dark brown roan with brown head, brown patches or specks (inconspicuous dress appreciated hunting). Light brown roan with brown head, brown patches or specks or without plates. White with brown head markings, brown patches or specks. Black, with the same shades in the color or roan. Tan markings are permissible. A list or a white ball with speckled lips are allowed. Size: Male: from 62 to 66 cm. Female: from 58 to 63 cm. Weight: 25 to 32 kg.

Braque Hungarian

121b_large-e1361889716408HUNGARIAN BRAQUE Other names: Vizsla (shorthaired, wirehaired) Country of origin: Hungary History There are two varieties: variety haired (rövidszöru) the oldest. Among his ancestors we count the Hungarian Hound, yellow dog Turks, the Saluki. The first specimens of the current conformation appeared early in the eighteenth century. Other hunting dogs provided a blood supply as the German Braque. She was recognized by the FCI in 1938. The variety haired (Drotszoru). It dates back to the 30. It would have crossed the short-haired Pointer German Wirehaired Pointer with. It also cites among his ancestors, the Weimaraner, the retriever of Transylvania. This variety is very rare in France. Crosses between these two varieties are prohibited. Lively temperament Education, with a great adaptability and excellent nose is enjoyed on difficult terrain. He does not fear the heat. His quest is not extensive, driving to his master, the stop is net, it pays well and is a good swimmer. The short-haired variety, having a faster gallop, will be preferred in the plains. The variety haired, good for small game including woodcock is worth looking at the large blood wounded game. Balanced, it is very comfortable in a family. His education will be firm but gently. Tips It needs space and exercise. Regular brushing. Monitor ears. Using Hound. Pet dog. Description (1983) Head: Dry, noble. Moderately broad skull, slightly domed. Moderate stop. Chamfer law. Wide muzzle. Well-developed nose. Not hanging lips, brown. Ears: Medium length, falling flat against the cheeks. Eyes: Slightly oval, color, preferably darker, in harmony with that of the dress. Eye brown. Body: Slightly elongated but powerful. Neck medium length, well muscled, slightly arched, without dewlap. Accused withers. Moderately broad chest, deep. Ribs moderately sprung. Rein supported. Members: Long, muscular, strong bone. Feet slightly oval. Strong fingers tight. Slate gray pads. Tail: a little low, medium strong. End slightly curved upwards. Docked usually a quarter. In the variety haired, shortened by one third. Coat: Short, dense, straight, harsh. Ras and silky ears. Chin beard. Short and dry on the head. Thick and hard eyebrows. On the neck and trunk haired, dense, 2 to 4 cm long. Dense undercoat. More about the posterior edge of the members. Dense and thick tail. Dress: Color of the small cooked bread or different shades of fawn colored sand. Tiny white spots on chest and feet, marks dotted, are not defects. Size: Shorthair male from 56 to 61 cm. Female 52 to 57 cm. Hard male hair 58 to 62 cm. Female 54 to 58 cm. Weight: Short hair from 22 to 30 kg. Haired 25 to 32 cm. Group: Retrievers

Golden Retriever dog breed

golden retriever

Physical characteristics of the Golden Retriever

The general appearance of the Golden Retriever should be symmetrical, balanced, active, powerful, well aligned in its looks. The expression is of a thoughtful and friendly dog. The head is proportionate and well balanced. The skull is broad but not coarse. The muzzle is strong, broad and deep, with a length equal to that of the skull, with a well defined stop. The eyes should be dark brown, set well apart, with edges of dark eyelids. Ears of moderate size, are attached to approximately eye level. The legs are straight and have good bone, well positioned in the trunk. The tail is set and carried to the height of the back: it comes down to the hock, never bend at the end.
Coat: Flat or wavy with beautiful fringes. Thick and waterproof undercoat.
Color: all shades ranging from gold to cream are allowed, but not red or mahogany.
Size: 56-61 cm for males and 51 to 56 cm for females
Weight: approximately 30 kg

Origins and history

The recognition of the breed is fairly recent, in 1931, but virtually nothing is known of its history. We do not know about that as legends: the most famous tells that in 1858 Lord Tweedmouth bought a Caucasian Shepherds couple in bright dress he had seen work in a circus. At each of their reach, he would have kept the puppies “golden” (gold) to fix the recessive character of the dress. Another theory is that the breed originated from a cross between a Bloodhound (Bloodhound) color sand and water Spaniel now disappeared. Other authors also argue that the progenitor of the breed was us, a yellow dog born from a cross between the Water Spaniel and a Labrador Retriever.

Character and abilities

The Golden Retriever has a  quite exceptional character -  it is perfect with children, gentle and quiet with the elderly. Rugged and durable, it’s a walking companion for the young and of course a valuable aid for the hunter. It is a dog that needs to spend a lot of time with people because it has a great need for human companionship: it feels like a part of the family, that is to say, the “band” in which he lives and wants to play a full part in making himself useful and participating in all the activities. In hunting, it’s a very clever reporter, especially in water.

Health

RetrieverIt is a very sturdy dog. Although Golden Retriever was born for work in water and has a perfectly waterproof coat, it must be dry at the base of the tail when it comes out of the water: otherwise, it may suffer from “broken tail” (broken tail), that is to say, a painful contraction of the abductor muscles which leads the dog to wear his tail incorrectly, just as if it was broken.
Average life expectancy: about 12 years
Living – Either inside or outside.
The Golden Retriever will be happy to live in a house with garden but he knows to settle for apartment life if it came out very often.
Information and tips
“Golden” does not mean “dog in gold dress,” but “gold dog”, “golden rapporteur” in the metaphorical sense. Furthermore, all Golden lack a golden robe, but they are often cream (which is also very beautiful) …