You want to give your dog the most suitable food for it in order to provide it with a healthy diet? But you hear many different opinions, and you do not know what to choose: home or industrial, dry or wet, what quality food is all about and how to differentiate between different standards? Here, you will find quite a few handy advices what types of food are out there and which ones are seemingly the best.
The different types of food
There are several ways to feed your pet. Specifically, we classify the types of foods into three categories:
- Crackers: industrial dry food, most currently used.
- The mash or pellets in boxes: Industrial wet food, also very popular.
- The “housewife ration“: a cooked every day at home eating.
The “BARF” of feeding dogs raw meat and bones, without grain is one way some people surely prefer. Not recommended because it is so very difficult to meet the nutritional needs of the dog including minerals, micro-nutrients deficiency, vitamins and fatty acids and others.
In the case of a ready industrial food, such as boxes or croquettes, there are several levels of quality:
Very good food, so-called “health” or “premium” that will be tailored to each dog based on its breed, age, level of activity. You find these foods from your vet or in pet specialised shops.
Standard foods you find in the supermarket.
Household food or industrial food?
Domestic supply (ie homemade)
The domestic supply is interesting and most certainly beneficial if it is prepared in a balanced way. Its main advantage is the use of fresh ingredients. It must be made of meats, cereals, vegetables plus oil, of the yeast and added vitamins and minerals. Dogs have been known to eat whatever meals humans do, for the most part anyway. Generally speaking, if it smells of meat then it must be tasty and the dog will be all over it.
The main drawback is the difficulty to prepare a healthy, balanced meals, and that every day. This requires knowledge of canine nutrition and dietetics fairly extensive. Must be thoroughly familiar with the details of your dog’s needs, which vary by race, age, activity level and then weigh each ingredient. That is to say if you absolutely are aiming towards crafting the super diet and want to make sure your pet gets positively the best of the best.
The domestic supply and thus generates significant constraints, first of all in terms of cost for a balanced diet contains expensive ingredients (fresh meat, vegetables). Then it takes time to prepare the ration, the shelf life is short (2 or 3 days in the refrigerator). Finally, dietary result is average, especially since the dog will tend to sort and eat only what he prefers accentuating the dietary imbalance. These are the kind of things you need to be mindful of while considering cooking dog food domestically. At the end of the day, dog will eat what it wants, may even resort to sort things out from what you give it, leaving out valuable nutritional components.
Regarding the croquettes mixture / boxes or croquettes / table scraps, the exact composition of the bowl can not be defined, this type of food is considered a household ration and is certainly unbalanced!
Recommendation of the veterinarian: Attention to the diet “old“, ie a soup made with rice, pieces of meat animals (very oily) and table scraps! This type of diet is very unbalanced and leads to significant deficiencies, harmful to the health of the animal. Standards delivered by any commercial feed is preferable to the random nature and potential deadliness of the old habits of feeding dogs.
Industrial dog food is easy to prepare and above all, it is always balanced. At the bare minimum you can expect that it covers most of the bases when it comes to nutrition and is a good all-rounder despite age, activity and other variants. If you take a food “standard”, your dog will receive nutrients (proteins, carbohydrates and fats) in sufficient quantities, but no guarantee the origin and quality of these nutrients. Premium foods are themselves made from premium ingredients with a nutritional level and higher digestibility. Processed foods are developed by experts in canine nutrition. These foods contain all nutrients in optimal proportions, it is not necessary to add vitamins, minerals or any other ingredient or supplements.
Recommendation of the veterinarian: It is advisable to give your dog croquettes at a young age. The food industry is positively abundant of these types of food so do not vary the meal by adding table scraps or homemade meal. To please and treat it from time to time, think of dog treats (biscuits, chewing bones) which will be given in-between meals, as a reward.
The choice of quality
Processed foods are available in two quality levels (“standard” or “premium“) and in two forms, dry food (kibble) or wet food (boxes).
These are the foods available in supermarkets. We’re now starting to find food for puppies to senior dogs, but overall, these foods are not segmented according to the needs of each dog.
The price difference between the different ranges can be explained by the difference in quality of the ingredients that make up each type of food. The are very different quality and origin of meat used, the standard foods are generally much fatter, so the dogs are sometimes more palatable. They are also much less digestible, the amount to be consumed to the same nutritional value is higher than a standard premium food food.
Their main advantage of these sorts of foods is that they are generally cheaper. But be careful because it does not compare the price of a bag of kibble but the daily cost. For a bag of premium dry food lasts longer than a standard bag of kibble that should give larger amounts to the dog. The difference in quality is immediately apparent on the feces of the animal and particularly puppies that tend to have diarrhea, it is very rare with a premium food.
These are the foods of “health” found in specialized circuits (pet shops, garden centers, veterinary clinics and others) that are of higher quality and above which are segmented according to the sizes of races, ages or physiological needs individuals. Depending on the needs of your dog, there is a food which is adapted. You can find food for puppy, adult dog with normal activity, increased or decreased activity, small, medium or large breed, and for older dogs or dogs with a tendency to be overweight.
There are healthy foods that are perfectly balanced. Check out a few:
- Complete proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, fiber, minerals, trace elements.
- Balanced: for a puppy growing rates of protein and fat should be higher than for adults, as well, calcium and phosphorus needed to build and reinforce the skeleton must be present, but not too much to avoid unrest growth.
- Digestible is a food of good quality, it is more digestible, less amounts to be important to ingest the same nutritional value, and there is less residue thus stool.
A puppy eats large amounts of food relative to its weight, with food of a higher quality and more digestible, it will take less accustomed to “stuff.
In adult dogs, the difference is found very quickly just by looking at the animal faeces. They are less frequent, molded, size and smell is much less with a premium food.
Boxes or croquettes, what to choose?
It is known that a puppy will easily get used to a kind of eating pattern and may even go as far as to refuse to change its particular diet even if required to. It is therefore necessary at the outset to make the right choice straight off the bat.
The mash is very palatable, it’s a real treat, so the puppy eats more and does so enjoying it heavily. However, it has a number of drawbacks.
The mash is often too greasy, it is more difficult to digest and spoils quickly in the air, it “turns” especially in summer. Be aware that the paste contains 70-80% water, with the same nutritional value, the puppy must ingest much higher amount than kibble. Resulting in the bad habit of “gorging” more indigestion, flatulence and often larger, softer stool odor,.
Mash also has the disadvantage of promoting the emergence of tartar on the teeth. While the patties through a limited natural and mechanical action of friction on the teeth during chewing.
Finally, the supply of boxes costs much more than a diet as kibble.
Crackers offer many benefits:
- They are cleaner, they do not look and feel softer
- More digestible, they reduce the risk of diarrhea, flatulence and give “manageable” stool more
- They are less expensive
Best for the oral health of your dog chewing kibble helps massage teeth and gums. In the long term, the deposit of tartar on the teeth is less important than a dog that eats only canned food.
Recommendation of the veterinarian: energy is a key factor for the health of your dog. We strongly advise you to give it a diet as croquettes, premium quality and responsive to their needs (age, breed size, activity level, specific state such as overweight).
Overall, we are hoping to have convinced you, it makes a lot of sense to keep dog’s specific requirements in mind when choosing its food. There are a number of reasonable considerations to weight up – price, quality, age and physical activity of the dog and wet or dry and of food. It is not always easy to determine the best course of action but if you hold your dog near and dear, you are expected to go that extra mile for its own sake.